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There’s more than meets the eye when it comes to marijuana. We understand the importance of knowing about the product you consume, its medical benefits and the many aspects of marijuana. Below you can find resources to answer your questions and help you decide what products are best for you or to simply explore all that marijuana has to offer.

Can’t find the answer to your questions? The Grove team is here to help. Visit a Grove dispensary and speak with one of our knowledgeable budtenders.

What's A Terpene?

Your cannabis experience is the result of more than cannabinoids. There are other elements and compounds at play, and The Grove cultivates and creates to make the most of them.

When you catch cannabis’ distinct aroma, that’s the result of terpenes. They are the fragrant oils in the plant, and give each strain characteristics, profiles and effects. These, in conjunction with cannabinoids, create the “entourage effect,” a synergy of benefits that makes the whole more effective than its parts.

Common terpenes include:

  • Myrcene – The most common terpene, it smells like cloves and has a relaxing, calming effect.
  • Limonene – As its name implies, limonene has a citrus aroma and a bright effect, enhancing clarity and focus.
  • Pinene – This, too, is easy to figure from the name. Its pine aroma is also found in sage and rosemary, and it improves memory. In cannabis, it can lessen memory impairment.
  • Linalool – It’s fun to say, and lovely to smell. Lavender is forward in this terpene, and can relieve anxiety.
  • Eucalyptol – Minty-smelling and head-clearing, it can improve concentration and inner balance.
  • Borneol – Camphor and mint are the predominant notes in borneol, and the effects are both relaxing and psychedelic.
Sativa Vs Indica

Anyone new to cannabis will have this question: What are sativa and indica, and what’s the difference?

We’ll begin with the more-scientific answer. Cannabis sativa grows tall and thin, and thrives in regions closer to the Equator.Cannabis indica is shorter, bushier and hardier than sativa because it adapted to grow in cooler, harsher climates. Sativa plants mature more slowly than indica, and indica produces more flowers than its sativa cousin.

The prevailing wisdom was that sativa strains produced a mind-high, while indica induced a sedating body buzz. However, with increased research, the answer is no longer that simple. In fact, with more widespread medical cannabis use, and with the advent of legal recreational use, the consumer is coming to know what growers and horticulturists have known for a long time—the right cannabis is not simple at all.

The cannabis you choose, in conjunction with a Grove budtender, can originate with Cannabis sativa or Cannabis indica (or even a hybrid strain, genetically related to both). Then, your choice will have different terpenes, and differing levels of THC or CBD. The combination of all compounds and elements—and your preferred ingestion method—are what enable a product to provide the effect you desire.

Explore our menu online, and you’ll see how complex the profiles are. But don’t let the numbers and terms confuse you. A Grove expert is always on-hand in our dispensaries to be your guide.

THC or CBD?

You may have heard of THC or CBD. These are just two of the 113 classes of cannabinoids, but they are also the most prominent. A cannabinoid is a chemical compound extracted from the resin of the cannabis plant which, when picked up by cannabinoid receptors in the brain, alters neurotransmitter release.

The THC cannabinoid is the psychoactive molecule, and it creates the “high.” Its molecular shape is like the right puzzle piece, fitting nicely into the cannabinoid receptors. THC effects include relaxation, euphoria, hunger, drowsiness, anxiety/paranoia, and a skewed sense of time.

Unlike THC, CBD is completely non-psychoactive. Its molecule binds to cannabinoid receptors, but in a different configuration, causing much different effects. Research on CBD is ongoing, because of its huge medical potential. Already credited with helping to abate serious seizures, CBD is being explored for pain, depressive, sleep and psychotic disorders, Multiple Sclerosis, Parkinson’s Disease, and much more.

CBD can also modulate the effects of THC, lessening the psychoactive impact. As research continues, our master grower and his team will stay at the forefront of development, so your Grove product produces the effects just right for you.

When was cannabis made illegal?

You might be surprised to find out that marijuana and hemp weren’t always demonized in American culture. In 1619, Virginia actually required every single farm in the fledgling colony to grow hemp—this wasn’t just a suggestion, it was passed into law.

This 1862 ad from Vanity Fair advertised Hasheesh Candy. It reads, “A most wonderful Medicinal Agent for the cure of Nervousness, Weakness, Melancholy, Confusion of thoughts etc. A pleasurable and harmless stimulant. Under its influence, all classes seem to gather new inspiration and energy.

Beware of imitations. Imported only by the Gupjah-Watish Company, 674 Broadway.

On sale by druggists generally.”

So if marijuana candy was considered to be a “pleasurable and harmless” stimulant in 1862, what happened?

Restriction first started in 1906 when the United States passed the Pure Food and Drug Act. This act required pharmacists to label any drug that contained cannabis as an ingredient. Twenty-six states then decided to prohibit cannabis plants between 1914 and 1925.

Restriction really heated up in the 1920’s when William Randolph Hearst began publishing annual accounts of the dangers of narcotic use, and by the time Harry J. Anslinger headed up the Narcotics Bureau in 1930, the country was primed and ready for the Marihuana Tax Act to pass in 1937.

The tax act made it federally illegal to possess or transfer marijuana except for medical and industrial purposes. Even then, the taxes were so steep that many doctors opposed the law entirely. What was the “tax” for selling an ounce of marijuana to a person who hadn’t paid the appropriate fees? It was $2,206 after inflation. For all intensive purposes, this made marijuana illegal because anyone caught purchasing it illegally would not be able to afford the “tax.”

Smoking or Vaping?

The purists (and the old-school) among us may still prefer to settle down with their rolling papers or their favorite bong. However, vaporizing marijuana is getting increasingly popular.

Vaporizing heats the marijuana, but doesn’t burn it. Without combustion, there’s no smoke. The heat of the vaporizer releases the active compounds and delivers them in a fine mist.

Pros of vaping include a less-irritating inhalation, better taste, and less smoke smell. Cons are in the preparation of the device itself and the cleanup. To vape, the marijuana has to be finely ground, the vaporizer takes time to heat, and it must be cleaned out between batches. The devices can also be expensive.

As yet, there is no scientific research to prove health benefits or increased efficiency of effects when vaping vs. smoking. There is only perception and anecdotes. Therefore, your method can simply come down to personal preference.

Be sure to discuss vaping or smoking with your Grove budtender, and we’ll be able to help you have the best experience, no matter what you choose.

Part of Wellness is Responsibility

We are dedicated to growing our cannabis with care, so we want you to consume it that way, too. That means refraining from cannabis use in public places or on federal land. If you’re staying in a resort or you’re renting property, check with the management to make sure you’re obeying their medical marijuana policies.

Beyond that, be sure to stay hydrated and well nourished during cannabis consumption. You’ll also want to plan ahead, since consumption will leave you in no condition to operate a vehicle or heavy machinery. Typically, the effects of edibles will last 6 to 8 hours, and it may take anywhere from 30 minutes to 2 hours to feel any effect at all. If you’re smoking or vaping, you can expect the effects to be anywhere from 1 to 2 hours, after waiting for about 10 minutes for onset.

Always use the minimum amount, and if you’re new to medical marijuana (or it’s been awhile) establish a baseline first. For edibles and tinctures, that means consuming no more than 5-10 mg at a time. For smoking or vaping, a baseline can be established with one or two draws. Make note of how these doses affect you so you can modulate your usage for your treatment.

Can cannabis go bad?

Yes. There are four major factors that contribute to any processed cannabis product going bad. The first is oxygen. The more oxygenated a product becomes, the sooner it will go bad.

Products that are already oxygenated, like budder, will go bad much more quickly than a tighter structured, mostly oxygen-free option like shatter.

Store your cannabis products in an airtight container. It may sound obvious, but a lot of people don’t do it, especially if they think they’ll be consuming a product before it has the chance to spoil.

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Light can cause terpene degradation. Terpenes provide flavor and additional medicinal benefits depending on the terpene profile.

Store your cannabis in the dark. Whether you keep it in a container, a drawer, the cupboard or the freezer, just make sure you keep your cannabis products out of the light.

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Heat can cause cannabis oil to get murky, it can also degrade the structure of the product itself.

Store your marijuana products in a cool place. Keeping oils and edibles in the freezer can keep them from degrading. Also make sure to store your products away from heaters, stoves and ovens.

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The final factor is time. You can’t stop it, but when it comes to molecular degradation, you can slow it down. If you aren’t going to be consuming a product any time soon, freeze it.

Where is cannabis native to?

It’s believed that marijuana evolved in Mongolia and Siberia while the oldest discovery of marijuana cultivation came from an urn in China dating back 12,000 years.

There are currently four known primary strains of marijuana. You’ll likely be familiar with at least two of them, Indica and Sativa.

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Indica strains of marijuana are native to cooler environments, and Kymron deCesare, chief research director at Steep Hill Halent Lab in Oakland, CA says that indicas evolved to withstand low humidity environments. Indicas are found in central Asia, India, and dry climates throughout the middle-east including the famous Afghani strain from Afghanistan.

You can see the difference between the strains. Indica plants are squat and short. They’ve physically evolved to withstand dry environments and need less water than Sativas.

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Sativas are native to more humid, equatorial climates and environments, and are commonly found in South America, South East Asia and South Africa. These plants are tall, thin and wiry. Paraguay is actually the world’s largest producer of herbal cannabis.

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Sativa L, also known as Hemp, contains very little THC. Many strains of Hemp have had the THC and CBD bred out of them in an effort to meet tightening drug laws in the United States. Hemp cannot have a THC content that exceeds .03%.

Hemp is found across the world, and is one of the hardiest strains of marijuana.

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Cannabis Ruderalis is a strain that many people have never even heard of. It wasn’t discovered until the late 70’s, and is native to Central/Eastern Europe and Asia.

It is small, thick, hardy, and averages just 2.5 feet tall. Because of its ability to grow in harsh environments and the fact that it is the only strain that automatically flowers, it is often used as a cross-breeding strain by growers.

Why does cannabis make you hungry?

Dr. Tamas Horvath, a Yale University neurobiologist accidentally discovered why cannabis makes you hungry while experimenting on mice.

Did you know your brain naturally produces cannabinoids? It does. These lipids control a large swath of functions in our bodies and affect our memory, mood and appetite.

THC mimics and connects to the same cannabinoid receptors as our naturally occurring cannabinoids. That connection is why you should speak with your doctor before consuming cannabis if you take prescribed medicine, especially SSRIs and MAOIs.

When you eat, you get full. Fullness isn’t just the space in your stomach filling up, it’s your brain telling your body that you’ve had enough food. Scientists found that THC flipped this switch. Even after a full meal, stoned mice were immediately hungry; and studies showed that neurons in the mice’s brains were telling their bodies they were still hungry.

Further studies have shown multiple angles at work. THC promotes the release of ghrelin, a hunger-stimulating hormone. Couple that with THC’s ability to enhance the taste and smell of food, and you’ve got a recipe for the munchies.

How does cannabis relieve pain?

Marijuana has been shown to help with chronic nerve pain called neuropathy. Though the clinical study showing a positive change was small, scientists found a strong correlation between a reduction in a patient’s pain by, as Mark Ware, MD and professor at McGill University says, changing the way nerves actually function.

The reason there are so few studies on marijuana as a pain reliever has to do with federal law, not state marijuana laws. Because marijuana is still federally illegal, any researcher that receives federal funding risks having their funds pulled if they perform cannabis research without authorization from the federal government.

As an example, The National Academies’ report looked at data from 1999 on, reviewing more than 10,000 scientific studies, of which only seven were directly related to pain relief.

That’s just seven in 10,000 studies. Of those seven studies, the strongest correlations for cannabis-related pain relief were achieved by cancer, migraine and neuropathy patients.

If you are interested in medicinal marijuana, you can get reduced pricing on cannabis when you carry a valid medical marijuana card.

Is there cannabis without THC?

All cannabis contains a certain percentage of THC, but many growers are working on, and have already created, very high CBD, low THC strains.

If you’re interested in purely CBD products without any of the THC, we strongly recommend edibles and concentrates.

You can purchase these knowing there isn’t any residual THC. Some of the CBD products we carry include: Focus - Spearmint CBD 500mg Disposable Vape Pens from Select CBD ALERT CBD Capsules from Lentiv

CBD-heavy products are gaining ground in the medical community because they aren’t psychoactive and do not get consumers high. CBD products are also cheaper if you have your medical marijuana card when you purchase them from a licensed marijuana distributor like The Grove.

Are cannabis and hemp the same thing?

Nope, but it’s an easy mistake to make. Hemp is cannabis, but the term cannabis actually encompasses all known marijuana strains.

Hemp is much lower in THC than other cannabis strains. It’s grown almost exclusively for industrial use like textiles.

There are some strains of Hemp that have been bred for their high CBD and low THC content. These are becoming more common and frequently undergo CBD extraction techniques because the THC content will be so low that companies can refine and sell their products without worrying about going over the federally mandated .03% THC content.

Which marijuana plant has seeds?

There are three different genders for marijuana plants: female, male and hermaphrodite.

Female plants do not produce seeds on their own, which makes them ideal for growers. Females produce the biggest buds, and those buds are seed free. Growers can typically tell by week six if they have male, female or hermaphroditic plants.

Why doesn’t a grower want a female plant to seed?

In essence, what you're seeing is extreme sexual frustration. This is a room full of women who are looking for some guy to come by and give them some pollen so they can create seeds. And they try harder and harder as time passes, and the more unsuccessful they are, the more production of the resins that are intended to attract pollen increases, and that increases the psychoactive elements of the plant.

Marijuana Grower | Botany of Desire

Male plants produce seeds. They’re needed to pollinate female plants and carry on the genetic line, but they aren’t desired for their buds. Though males do bud, the buds do not contain any hairs (Trichomes) which produce terpenes and cannabinoids including THC and CBD.

Hermaphrodite plants have both buds and pollen sacs. That combination means that they can actually self-pollinate. Because the buds are less fruitful than on a female plant, these also aren’t desired by growers.

Hermaphroditic plants can also pollinate female plants, causing an otherwise non-seeded crop to start producing seeds.

The reason that growers have to be so careful around female plants, is that they can accidentally pollinate them if they aren’t careful. At that point the female plant will start producing seeds and slow or stop cannabinoid-heavy resin production.

When it comes to the economics of legal marijuana growth, it makes sense for Nevada growers to choose the plants that will produce the strongest, biggest buds.

How did marijuana get it's name?

The answer to this question has deep roots in political nativism that extends back to the early 1900’s, but crosses the border as well.

The name “Marijuana” is an anglicization of the original Spanish word “Marihuana.”

That leaves another glaring question, though, if the United States had been growing hemp since the mid-1600’s and pharmacists were prescribing cannabis or hashish candy and tinctures for medicinal purposes, why did the term >marihuana >carry over to the United States?

Let’s take a look at a pre-1900’s description of cannabis from an 1843 Edition of The Western Journal of Medicine and Surgery.

The resin of the cannabis Indica is in general use as an intoxicating agent from the furthermost confines of India to Algiers. If this resin be swallowed, almost invariably the inebriation is of the most cheerful kind, causing the person to sing and dance, to eat food with great relish, and to seek aphrodisiac enjoyment. The intoxication lasts about three hours, when sleep supervenes; it is not followed by nausea or sickness, nor by any symptoms, except slight giddiness, worth recording."

It’s described as benign, but in the late 1800’s Mexico actually started its own media-driven crusade against the plant. Headlines frequently spoke of murders and mayhem caused by lower-class citizens.

When the Mexican Revolution of 1910 ended, there was a large influx of immigrants to the United States. As Eric Schlosser says in the Atlantic article from 1994, “Reefer Madness,”

“The prejudices and fears that greeted these peasant immigrants also extended to their traditional means of intoxication: smoking marijuana. Police officers in Texas claimed that marijuana incited violent crimes, aroused a ‘lust for blood,’ and gave its users ‘superhuman strength.’”

Once the media latched onto this, they began publishing stories that were just as salacious as those published in Mexico in the 1800’s—the primary difference was the subjects of those stories. Articles written at this time also used the name marijuana to refer to the plant, instead of the medically accepted term, cannabis. This served to rebrand cannabis throughout the United States,  and began paving the way for criminalization in the 1930’s.

There are still misconceptions that persist to this day, even with expanding >medical practitioners advocating for the benefits of cannabis>. The best way to combat cannabis prejudice? Learn everything you can, and share what you’ve learned with others.

Are marijuana seeds and leaves edible?

Absolutely. Hemp seeds have already made their way into the health food realm, and many people consume raw cannabis leaves. The leaves of the plant do contain trace amounts of THC and other cannabinoids, but if it is consumed raw, the cannabinoids remain inactive.

That means you can eat cannabis fan leaves to your heart’s content. They are as healthy as any other green, and the acids in a cannabis leaf contain potent antioxidants and have anti-inflammatory properties.

Because hemp seeds contain the perfect balance of fatty acids and protein, they’re actually considered to be a great staple food, helping brain health and providing the body with much-needed nutrition.

The composition of the proteins and acids in hemp seeds are also extremely easy to digest, and as a “complete protein” that contains every essential amino acid, hemp seed porridge is being recommended in developing countries where getting the most complete nutrition out of each meal is critical.